Doula RSS Feeds
Site - blooma.com/blog
About Site - Blooma was founded in 2007 by birth doula and yoga teacher Sarah Longacre, growing out of her dream of supporting women and families. Our Prenatal Yoga Teacher training has traveled around the world, and we have supported thousands of women on their path to motherhood through our prenatal yoga, childbirth education, and wellness services. Read the Blooma Yoga Blog for information on practicing prenatal yoga, as well as pregnancy and childbirth education topics.
Site - chicagofamilydoulas.com/blog
About Site - Chicago Family Doulas has an amazing staff of qualified Doulas who are committed to your family. Our Doulas provide your family with compassionate support during birth and postpartum. Our highly trained doulas are passionate about providing you with high quality support that is tailored to you and your family's needs. Follow this blog to get information on labor and postpartum doula support, childbirth education and placenta encapsulation.
Site - birthintheknow.com/blog-2
About Site - 'Where questions are conceived and answers are born'. We provide education and support to doulas, postpartum doulas, birth workers through online courses, live workshops, and educational board game, Down the Canal. Follow this blog to educate yourself about your birth options in pregnancy. Knowledge is power. Learning about birth and trusting yourself is key.
Site - northeastdoulas.com/blog
About Site - How do I find a Labor Doula? What is a Postpartum Doula? Should I hire a Baby Nurse? They often seek the help of the experts at Northeast Doulas! As business minded women with a passion for birth, Northeast Doulas owners, Randy Patterson & Debbie Aglietti have a deep understanding of all things associated with pregnancy, birth and the postpartum period. Follow this blog to gain information on postpartum and doula.
Dallas and Ft. Worth, Texas
About Site - Welcome to Great Expectations! We are sure you have great expectations for your little one(s) and we would love to be a part of your big day. Our doulas have been serving expecting and post partum families in DFW since 2007 and have helped thousands of babies arrive. Birth Classes, Placenta Encapsulation, Belly Binding, Doulas in Dallas. Follow this blog and know about pregnancy, birth and postpartum as well as the latest and coolest things about having a baby in Dallas.
Site - bestdoulatraining.com/blog
About Site - If you have an interest in women's health, enjoy supporting families, or have a passion for birth, you can be a BEST doula. Become a Certified Doula and change the world! BEST Doula Training is the BEST way to become a professional doula. Follow this blog to get more information on Doula Training, Business, Ethics, Sustainability and much more.
Site - atenderbeginning.com/blog
Cincinnati and Dayton
About Site - As doulas, we are trained pregnancy, birth, and postpartum professionals. We bring knowledge, experience, and added comfort to growing families in the Cincinnati and Dayton region. Follow this blog and get advice and information written by professional doulas in the Cincinnati and Dayton area on topics such as pregnancy, birth, and postpartum care, parenting, and beyond.
Site - heartlanddoulas.com/blog
Peoria Heights, IL
About Site - Heartland Doulas of Central Illinois, providing birth and postpartum doula services, placenta encapsulation, childbirth education and birth equipment rentals. Follow this blog and get weekly posts from the owners of Heartland Doulas. Heartland Doulas offers a full spectrum of ongoing, unbiased support for pregnancy and postpartum.
Site - buddhabellybirth.com/blog
About Site - Buddha Belly - a full-service doula agency serving pregnant & postpartum families in Tampa Bay. Experienced, professional, certified. Follow blog and get updates on birth and postpartum doula support, childbirth education classes, Hypnobirthing classes, lactation support, placenta services and professional artistic belly casting in the Tampa Bay Area.
Site - cappa.net/blog
About Site - Childbirth and Postpartum Professional Association (CAPPA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to training and certifying labor doulas, antepartum doulas, postpartum doulas, childbirth educators, and lactation educators. Find more information on postpartum on this blog.
About Site - Being a doula and a childbirth educator is the best profession in the world! The source for doula bag tools, doula gear and information ranging from doula training to running your doula business.
Site - helpinghandsdoula.com/blog
About Site - Serving Families Across Toronto. With over 10 years of experience, our hands are here for you. Our Doulas provide physical and emotional support during childbirth and early postpartum.
Site - doulatraining.ca/blog
About Site - Doula Training Canada has been offering a variety of opportunities to develop and grow as a Birth and Postpartum professional since 2001. Our team of dedicated instructors and school of passionate students improve Canadian birth and parenting culture in confident ways. Doula Canada is set upon creating Canada's most confident and caring Doulas and Childbirth Educators. Follow our blog to get insights on doula training.
Site - doulasofcincinnati.com/blog
About Site - Doulas of Cincinnati is proud to be Greater Cincinnati's Premier Full Service Doula Agency, providing birth and postpartum doula support, placenta encapsulation, childbirth education, lactation support, birth photography (and more) to tri-state families. Follow this blog and get all the information you require on postpartum and doulas.
Site - calmconfidentdoula.com/blog
About Site - Birth and Postpartum Doula Support. Helping new and expectant parents move from confused and overwhelmed to Calm and Confident. Serving Seattle, Everett and the Eastside, including Kirkland, Edmonds, Lynnwood, Bellevue, Redmond, Bothell and Mill Creek.
About Site - We are Arkansas' first state wide full service Doula agency. We are the only agency who is identically trained by a recognized Professional Doula Certifying Agency thorough the state of Arkansas to offer you consistency no matter who is supporting you.
About Site - Doulas of Orange County is a full service agency in Orange County, California. Offering Birth and Postpartum Doulas, Placenta Encapsulation Baby Care and Childbirth Education, Breastfeeding Support and Maternity Concierge Services. Formerly known as OC Doula Collective.
Site - nurturedfoundation.com/blog
About Site - We believe that motherhood is a sacred time in a woman's life. Women should be supported physically & emotionally from pregnancy through the postpartum period. Birth doulas in Cleveland Ohio, offering services including birth doulas, postpartum doulas, placenta encapsulation, lactation support, and more. Follow this blog and get latest news, classes, events and resources from Cleveland Doula, Nurtured Foundation.
Site - austin-born.com/blog
About Site - AustinBorn is a boutique parenting center offering community, education, and support for pregnancy, birth and beyond. Services include birth doula care, postpartum doula care, childbirth education, lactation support, and community groups. Follow blog to get more information on birth, doulas, postpartum education.
Hamilton, Ontario Canada
About Site - Serving Hamilton, Halton, Niagara, Brant & Beyond. A pregnancy, birth and parenting support agency making parents happier, calmer and better rested with compassion, experience and care for over a decade. Making new parents happier, calmer and better rested with compassion, experience and care.
Site - doulacare.com/blog
New York, United States
About Site - Doula Care provides professional postpartum assistance to families with newborns in New York city reliable, certified, breastfeeding knowledgeable experienced doulas day and overnight care.
Site - goldcoastdoulas.com/blog
About Site - Providing support for mothers of West Michigan. Gold Coast Doulas is the premier birth and postpartum doula agency in Grand Rapids and the Lakeshore communities. We support your needs without judgment. Whole care for the entire family from conception to crawling. Follow this blog to find articles on pregnancy, birth and postpartum time.
Site - tulsafamilydoulas.com/blog
About Site - Tulsa Family Doulas is a full service agency providing exceptional services in Hypnobabies natural childbirth classes, Your Birth Experience childbirth education, antepartum doulas, birth doulas, and postpartum doulas, placenta encapsulation and Happiest Baby on the Block classes.
Site - doulasofcapitolhill.com/blog
About Site - Doulas of Capitol Hill is a concierge, full service company that provides pregnancy, birth, postpartum, breastfeeding and newborn day and night support for families in Washington, D.C., Northern Virginia, and parts of Maryland.
Site - nwpadoulas.com/blog
About Site - At Northwest PA Doulas, we are here to make a difference in your pregnancy, birth and postpartum journey. We provide evidence based, judgement free support whether you have a natural vaginal birth, a scheduled cesarean, or any of the many options in between! Upon hiring us or attending our childbirth education classes, your needs will be met to the absolute best of our ability.
About Site - Rachel Brinker, owner of Proud Mama Support Services, postpartum doula, blogs about childbirth recovery, postnatal support and education, and more. We provide nurturing emotional and physical support to parents in their homes after the baby is born.
Site - nurturedfoundation.com/blog
About Site - Nurtured Foundation Doula Services uses a non-judgmental approach to assist you in your choices during pregnancy, birth and postpartum. We strive to support and educate you in your choices. You decide what is best for you and your family and we will ensure you are unconditionally supported in those decisions.
Site - tucsondoulas.com/blog
About Site - The work we do with Tucson Doulas allows us to support the efforts of our future non-profit, Desert Doulas. Desert Doulas is a long-standing pillar in the Tucson birth community and has been known as a respected resource for families seeking prenatal, birth, and postpartum support beyond what is provided by local healthcare providers.
Site - doulasofnorthernva.com/blog
About Site - At Doulas of Northern Virginia, we pride ourselves on providing the most professional and personalized doula care. You can rest assured that you'll receive nothing less than stellar service and unconditional support from our incredible team of doulas and placenta specialists
Site - laborlullabies.com/blog
About Site - At a very young age I took a true love and passion in caring for babies. I was so fascinated with the growth and development of pregnancy, birth and infancy. Being a seasoned mother of 4 I feel confident that continuing my passion journey with newborns. I am a certified licensed aesthetician, massage therapist, postpartum doula, newborn care specialist and professional nanny.
Site - highcountrydoulas.com/blog
About Site - Parenting groups family resources, baby, mom groups, Boone, NC. We provide the best professional Doula services in the area including birth, placenta, placenta encapsulation, placenta prints, placenta tinctures, Nanny, and Placenta Encapsulation services for Boone, NC, Hickory, NC, Watauga Medical Center, Harmony Center for Women, Jefferson, Todd, Wilkes
Site - annapolisareadoulas.com/blog
About Site - We can help you navigate the waters, every step of the way: Annapolis Area Doulas supports pregnant women during their journey to motherhood and beyond with the utmost in training, professionalism, and expertise in the field of birth and newborn care.
Rochester Hills, MI
About Site - Birth and Postpartum Professionals serving Southeast Michigan. Our professional doulas hold themselves to the highest of standards and offer constant assistance to all families.
About Site - This is a blog for information about newborn babies, breastfeeding, how to survive the early days and weeks, babywearing, postpartum preparation, and more! The blog is designed for pregnancy, birth and postpartum.
Site - family-ways.com/blog
About Site - Our team of dedicated doulas is honored to support you and your family through life's transitions. We provide custom-tailored education and support services to help your family through birth, postpartum, end-of-life, and other important transitions.
Salt Lake City, UT
About Site - I am a medical social worker turned doula with a master's degree in social work and a bachelor's degree in psychology. My passion for birth and mothering came in 2015 when I did a rotation through labor and delivery in three hospitals in the Salt Lake Valley.
Site - richmonddoulas.org/blog
About Site - Richmond Doulas works to promote awareness and education regarding options for pregnancy, birth, and the postpartum period. We provide and encourage networking, cooperation and furthering education opportunities for the birth professional community and promote the general public's use of and access to doulas.
About Site - Astrid Hufnagel is a Birth and Postpartum Doula/ Night Nurse living in Montclair, NJ and serving the following counties in Northern NJ: Essex, Union, Morris, Passaic, Bergen, Hudson, Somerset and Middlesex
Site - wichitadoula.com/blog
About Site - Wichita Doula is the leading provider of labor doulas, postpartum & overnight doulas, placenta encapsulation, and childbirth classes in Wichita, KS. This blog provides information on postpartum and doulas.
About Site - Preparing for labor and birth may be all that you had hoped and dreamed of. You envision your baby's birthday as easy and joyous. On the other hand, preparing for birth may be overwhelming. It may bring up challenges and fear. You may not think you can do this
Brampton, ON & communities
About Site - Lifetime of Love Doula Services: Offering birth doula, postpartum doula, HypnoBirthing Childbirth Education classes, breastfeeding prenatal classes and infant sleep support to families in Orangeville, Brampton, Mississauga and surrounding communities
About Site - I am a certified birth doula, postpartum doula, lactation counselor, childbirth educator, bereavement support, aromatherapist, and herbalist living in Center City, Philadelphia, and serving the entire Philadelphia region.
Site - silverbirth.com/blog-1
About Site - A website and blog dedicated to supporting and empowering women through their lives especially the journey of pregnancy and birth. A Toronto labour doulas blogs about her female life experiences living in Toronto.
About Site - Frederick Moms and Doulas. Providing birth services. First-time mom, planning a VBAC or you simply want to know your voice will be heard, we support you. We have been in your shoes. We know how it feels. We know how strong you are. As doulas we have the training and knowledge to educate you, elevate you, and empower you into motherhood.
Site - doulawomancom.wordpress.com
About Site - Doula in Milwaukee: birth, postpartum, and full-spectrum doulas. We have now served as doula to women in a wide variety of births: home-birth, natural childbirth in-hospital, premature births, high-risks mom, long labors, births with medical intervention and more.
Site - doulasofbellingham.com/blog
About Site - Pregnant in Whatcom County? Doulas of Bellingham offers childbirth classes, labor doula support, placenta encapsulation and in-home postpartum support. A pregnancy, birth, postpartum & parenting blog written for families in Bellingham,.
Site - karisdoula.com/blog
About Site - Karis doula provides loving, non-judgemental care in the West Island, Vaudreuil & surrounding areas. Our mission- Surrounding women and their families with love, grace and support during the transformative journey that is pregnancy, birth and new motherhood.
Site - consciousbirthiowa.com/blog
About Site - The mission of Conscious Birth Iowa is to help new and expectant parents make informed choices about childbirth and the transformation to parenting through education.
About Site - Doulas of Memphis is The Gold Standard for doula support in Greater Memphis. | Memphis Birth Doula, Memphis Postpartum Doula, Memphis Breastfeeding Support. Doulas of Memphis is committed to providing families with collaborative, balanced care beginning with pregnancy and birth and extending through the postpartum period.
Site - theafterbabylady.com/blog
About Site - Jill Reiter and her team offer postpartum doula support for parents with new babies in Metro Detroit, Michigan. goal is to make your life easier. Working with us you'll get more sleep, feel confident, and enjoy the early days of parenting your baby.
Site - familyfirstdoulas.com
Regina Sask Canada
About Site - Our hope for all our clients is to feel empowered by their birth experience, so they and their new family can get off to the healthiest start possible! Our team is dedicated to helping women gain confidence surrounding childbirth while laying the foundation for a healthy postpartum experience.
Site - grdoulas.com/blog
About Site - We provide non-judgmental support to families with a wide variety of circumstances and preferences, including hospital and home births. GR Doulas serves families in West Michigan including Greater Grand Rapids, Holland, Grand Haven, Spring Lake, Muskegon, and Fremont.
Site - nestingbirth.com/blog
About Site - Emilie Jenkins offers unbiased, wholehearted support for Bellingham, WA families through pregnancy, labor, and postpartum. Birth can be one of the most empowering experiences in a woman's life. It a can also be overwhelming, scary, and confusing. A Doula helps wade through the confusion, holds your hand and gives emotional support before, during, and after labor.
About Site - Full-service Nanaimo doula certified through Pacific Rim College's holistic doula program. Enthusiastically serving the mid-island communities. Information on pregnancy, birth, and postpartum.
Site - threebirdsnewborn.com/blog
Massachusetts, United States
About Site - Emily Lindblad, a trained Postpartum Doula, certified Newborn Care Specialist, certified American Heart Association CPR/First Aid Instructor, and mother of triplets, Emily provides professional, non-judgmental support to Massachusetts families of multiples.
Site - btownwell.com/blog
About Site - The Bloomington Family Wellness Team works as a group to provide you the best support and services possible for general family wellness and for the birth and parenting experience. Full spectrum support and services for Birth, Postpartum, Family Wellness, & Massage
Site - chinookcitydoulas.com/blog
About Site - The Chinook City Doulas team provides Calgary families with the best doulas and safest placenta encapsulation service in the city! It provides professional, insured, compassionate doula teams for Calgary families.
Site - douladunord.com/blog
About Site - Postpartum care and support for the whole family. DONA trained postpartum doula offering postpartum care and support for the whole family. Serving Minneapolis, St Paul, and surrounding areas.
Site - greenbaydoulas.com/blog
Green Bay, WI
About Site - All Encompassing Care From The First Through The Fourth Trimester. Professional, certified, supportive Doulas Offering labor (birth) & postpartum doulas, placenta encapsulation and specialty services such as sibling doulas.
Site - calgarydoulas.ca/blog
About Site - Our Mission Statement The Calgary Doula Association believes that every woman and family deserve a doula. The Calgary Doula Association strives to increase the quality of prenatal, birth and postpartum support by promoting access to doulas that adhere to a strict standard of practice.
Site - dublindoula.com
About Site - I offer all my clients homoeopathy support during pregnancy and labour and the post partum period. Dublin doula. Birth services. Birth Mentoring, Birth Doula, placenta encapsulation, homeopathic services, mother blessings postpartum doula
Site - columbusbirth.com/blog
About Site - Best Labor and Postpartum Doula in Columbus. Columbus Birth & Parenting's mission is to provide professional and unbiased support, education and resources throughout the journey to parenthood. This includes pregnancy, labor & birth, postpartum and parenting.
About Site - Kaitlin Coghill of Be Always Blooming Birth Services is a certified childbirth educator, postpartum doula, birth doula, writer and editor located in Ventura, California. Information I've gathered on some of the most popular topics in the birth world, written with the intent of helping parents make informed decisions about their pregnancy, labor and childbirth experiences.
Site - cloudninebirths.com/blog
St. Charles, IL
About Site - Premier Birth Doula Services, Postpartum Doula Services and Evidence Based Birth® and Bradley Method® Courses located in Chicago and Chicagoland. The ultimate prenatal, birth and postpartum support experience, tailored to you.
About Site - Doula, postpartum and placenta encapsulation services in Victoria, BC. Monique Bandet, Birth and Postpartum Doula, Placenta Encapsulator and Breastfeeding Specialist and Childbirth Educator servicing clients in the Westshore, Metchosin and surrounding area.
Site - meganthedoula.com/blog
About Site - Megan the Doula is the page of Montreal based doula Megan Howarth. Megan is a birth and postpartum doula, co-founder of Birds and Bees Prenatal Classes, featured Huffington Post contributor, blogger and public speaker. We are pleased to offer you professional and reliable Montreal doulas. Prenatal classes, birth support, new baby help and much more.
North Andover, MA
About Site - Acelleron Maternal Health & Wellness is committed to providing resources to empower women and families so that they can achieve success in parenthood. From the early days of pregnancy and beyond, we are here to provide quality education and support, as well as yoga and fitness to help prepare your mind and body for this journey.
Maple Ridge, Pitt Meadows
About Site - Over the years, postpartum doulas, placenta encapsulation and childbirth education were added making Ridge Meadows Doula Services a one stop shop for all things prenatal to postpartum.
About Site - The doulas of Mid Kansas Doula Services provide full scale support to all growing families in Central Kansas. We support all birth choices and all parenting styles without bias or judgement. Professional Doulas serving the entire Central Kansas area. Providing Birth, Postpartum, Placenta, Childbirth Education services to all families.
Site - lancasterdoulas.com/blog
About Site - Our mission at Lancaster Doulas is to provide doula support to families who wish to enhance their birth and postpartum experience. Lancaster Doulas was created to bring together the best doulas in one place so that birthing families have a wealth of knowledge at their fingertips.
Site - newdaydoula.com/blog
About Site - New Day Doula Birth and Beyond provides birth and postpartum doula services, as well as lactation support, to the Northern NY, St. Lawrence Country Region of Canton, Potsdam, Ogdensburg, Gouverneur, Massena, and Malone.
Site - northeastiowadoulas.com/blog
About Site - Northeast Iowa Doulas is the premier professional doula agency in the state of Iowa. We provide an amazing staff of professionally trained, experienced, and insured birth doulas, postpartum doulas, postpartum placenta specialists, and childbirth educators in Eastern Iowa.
Site - aswiftdoula.com/blog
About Site - DoC is proud to serve as an extension of yourself on all matters pregnancy and parenting related. You know what is best for your family, and we will help you every step of the way. Providing labor, birth, and postpartum doula services and placenta encapsulation to the Chicago area.
Site - michelinewalkey.com/blog
About Site - It was in June 2012 that I decided to become a trained birth doula through DONA International. s a mentor and doula my role is not to impart my 'expert wisdom' upon you, but to lead you through a self-discovery process that will prepare you to give birth emotionally intact, ready to meet any challenges that may come your way. Micheline is a doula and Birthing From Within mentor.
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
About Site - Your birth and postpartum team will be an essential part of how you experience and remember such a life changing journey; our professional assistance can make all the difference. Birth and Postpartum Doula Services, Hypnobirthing classes, birth preparation and mom and baby yoga in Toronto.
Site - coralspringsdoula.com/blog
Coral Springs, Florida
About Site - Lisa Raynor is a Childbirth and Postpartum Doula, serving Coral Springs , Fort Lauderdale & all of south Florida. Lisa will serve as a labor coach and information source to a mother and her partner throughout the entire pregnancy, labor, delivery, and postpartum.
Maine, New Hampshire, & Massachusettes
About Site - Portland Doula Collaborative offers a variety of labor and postpartum services for families in the southern and central Maine regions.Our unique and integrative approach offers quality care with a guarantee that one of our providers will be present for your birth. Owners Mary Latendresse, Jennifer Merriman, and Alison VanDerburgh are excited to offer their vast knowledge to the birthing community.
Site - theiowababylady.com/blog
About Site - I am a birth and postpartum doula. My primary goal as a certified doula is providing non-judgmental, professional support to new moms throughout their pregnancy, labor, birth, and the first few months of life with their new baby.
Site - erinstephensbirth.com/blog
About Site - I began my career as a labor doula in 2014 and have since gone on to become a postpartum doula, lactation counselor, childbirth educator, and postpartum placenta specialist. Labor Doula, Postpartum Doula, Childbirth Education, and Lactation Counseling Services in the Fayetteville and Fort Bragg Areas
Site - wisewombandoula.com/blog-1
About Site - After the positive natural birth of her daughter, Simone Toomer with her doula and partner by her side, Simone wanted to channel her energy in a new direction, by becoming a certified birth and postpartum doula, childbirth educator and doula educator/mentor for her certifying organization Doula Trainings International.
Site - coastaldoulas.com/blog
About Site - Your Body. Your Birth. Your Baby. Coastal Doulas provides professional birth and postpartum doula support, placenta encapsulation, & childbirth classes to families throughout Palm Beach county.
About Site - New World Doula Services offers childbirth education, professional birth and postpartum doula services, placenta encapsulation and breastfeeding support to families on the South Shore of Massachusetts. New World Doula is certified via DONA, Lamaze, ProDoula, and Rebozo.
Site - lunuladoula.blog
About Site - My interest in birth began when I was a young girl watching a VHS of my mother birthing me. Since then I have continued my education and am now a Placenta Encapsulation Specialist, a Prenatal Yoga Instructor, and in the process of becoming certified as a Birth Doula & Postpartum Doula.
Site - westgeorgiadoula.com
About Site - Welcome to West Georgia Doula, an Agency dedicated to providing superior Labor and Postpartum Doula Services and Placenta Encapsulation to Carrollton and the surrounding West Georgia area Our goal is to provide you with the highest level of professionalism, unbiased care, and for you to feel thoroughly supported and confident as you welcome a new baby into your family..
Site - bayareadoulas.com/blog
Bay Area, CA
About Site - Katherine has always been looked to for advice and support from her friends as they experience pregnancy and prepare for their births. Becoming a doula was a natural transition for her after becoming involved in many support organizations for mothers.
Site - lonestardoulas.com/blog
About Site - Lone Star Doulas provides a solid foundation upon which modern families are built. With our expert help, you will confidently flourish as a parent as your family expands. Lone Star Doulas is the clear choice for modern parents seeking unwavering, consistent support of their birth and parenting needs.
Site - peacefulprenatal.com/blog
About Site - Hi, I'm Jess Turner! I'm also a prenatal yoga teacher, and a professional birth and postpartum doula! I'm so excited to be pursuing Birth Doula certification with toLabor, and Postpartum Doula certification with Birth Arts International. I'm also a full time student, in college pursuing a degree in Nursing and ultimately Midwifery!
Site - handsfulldoula.com/news
About Site - It is not news that postpartum women are falling through the gaps in our healthcare and social systems and, as a result, the wellness of our American families is suffering. We tend to push our new moms to bounce back as quickly as possible which can lead to so much of what we are seeing today: breastfeeding difficulty, postpartum mood disorders and relationship problems.
About Site - London and Toronto Birth and Postpartum Doulas specializing in birth and postpartum support, placenta encapsulation, lactation services and meditation.
Site - babycaravan.com/blog
About Site - Baby Caravan offers exceptional Birth & Postpartum Doula services for families in New York City. If you're looking for day of birth labor support, our team can help you have a satisfying birth experience.